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2   AgriTech indiA  September 2018                                                                                                   News


          Saudi curbs: ApeDA urges                                               Income of farm households 23%

          exporters to follow guidelines                                         higher than non-farm homes:

                                                                                 NABARD survey
            he   Agricultural   and   vegetable  exporters  said  that   three  airports  in  the  State,
          TProcessed  Food  Products   the  decision  will  not  impact   told PE Ashraf Ali of Pomona
          Export     Development   as  the  State  focuses  only  on   Exports, Kozhikode.                                       per  cent  recorded  during  the
          Authority   (APEDA)   has   exports  of  fresh  fruits  and   SFDA  said  the  source  of                              NSSO survey.
          advised   all   exporters   of   vegetables  and  not  on  frozen   frozen  vegetables  and  fruits                       On an average, agricultural
          processed   and   frozen   ones.               should  be  the  farms  that  are                                       households had an outstanding
          vegetables and fruits to strictly   Even  the  shipments  of   monitored  by  the  control                             debt  of  Rs  1,  04,602  whereas
          comply with the requirements   frozen products from here are   authority  and  there  should                           that  of  a  non-agricultural
          as informed by the Saudi Food   nominal  compared  to  the  150   be  a  certificate  (Global  Gap)                    household  was  Rs  76,731.
          and Drug Authority.    tonnes  sent  on  a  daily  basis   from  a  globally  recognised                               Incidence  of  indebtedness,
            Kerala’s   fruits   and   to Gulf countries from all the   authority.                                                measured  as  a  proportion
                                                                                                                                 of   households   reporting
                                                                                    he  income  of  agricultural   he said.      outstanding debt at the date of
          Focus on research is need of the                                       Thouseholds, which account   released  by  NITI  Aayog  Vice   survey,  was  52.5  per  cent  for
                                                                                                            The  survey  report  was
                                                                                                                                 agricultural  households  and
                                                                                 for  nearly  half  the  rural
          hour: Cotton Federation head                                           households  in  the  country,   Chairman  Rajiv  Kumar.  The   42.8  per  cent  non-agricultural
                                                                                                                                 households.
                                                                                                         income  levels  of  19  out  of  29
                                                                                 surged to Rs 1,07,172 in 2015-
                                                                                 16  at  a  annual  compound   States  are  above  the  all-India   Many  other  interesting
                                                                                 growth rate (CAGR) of 12 per   average and 15 States recorded   financial   aspects   are
                                 is  a  total  lack  of  agronomy   quality.     cent since 2012-13.     a  CAGR  of  10.5  per  cent   uncovered  by  the  survey.  It
                                 research at present. Australia,   The   theme   of   the   According  to  a  rural   between  2012-13  and  2015-16,   showed  that  88  per  cent  of
                                 for  instance,  has  only  15  per   conference   was   “Indian   survey  carried  out  by  the   the survey indicated.  households  participated  in
                                 cent  of  the  area  under  cotton   Cotton  Scenario  in  2018-19”   National Bank for Agricultural   According  to  Bhanwala,   the  survey  reported  having
                                 but  their  productivity  per   along  with  global  outlook,   &   Rural   Development   NABARD decided to carry out   a  bank  account.  About  55
                                 hectare  is  at  least  four  times   said P Nataraj, Vice-President,   (NABARD), while the average   such surveys every three years   per  cent  agricultural  families
                                 higher  as  compared  to  India   ICF  and  Chairman  of  the   annual  income  levels  of  non-  as  similar  surveys  like  NSSO   reported  any  savings  during
                                 and the trash content minimal.   conference.    agricultural  households  in   Situation  Assessment  Survey   the  previous  year  and  their
                                 There  is  good  potential  for   Around  400  delegates   2015-16  stood  at  Rs  87,228,   of  Agricultural  Households   average   annual   savings
                                                                                                                                 reportedly were Rs 17,488.
                                 doubling  the  yield,  but  to   from  across  the  country   all  households  (agricultural   are conducted at a periodicity   Similarly,  43.5  per  cent
                                 achieve  this,  research  efforts   participated  and  interacted   as  well  as  non-agricultural)   of  10  years.  “This  is  because   of  agricultural  households
                                                                                 reported  an  average  annual
                                                                                                         by  the  time  such  reports
                                 should be strengthened. Front   on   the   cotton   situation,   income of Rs 96,708.  (such as NSSO surveys) come   reported  that  they  borrowed
                                 Line  Demonstrations  (FLDs)   acreage,   demand-supply   This  is  39  per  cent  more   out,  the  situation  would   any   money   during   the
                                 alone  would  not  suffice.  The   equation,  price  situation  and   than  Rs  77,112  per  annum   have  dramatically  changed,”   previous  year  and  60  per
             espite the country’s stand   fund allocation for conduct of   sustainable   management.   reported  during  the  National   Bhanwala said.  cent   of   them   borrowed
          Das  the  world’s  largest   FLDs  was  fixed  twenty-five   Ginners, traders, brokers and   Sample  Survey  Organisation   According  to  the  survey,   from  institutional  sources.
          producer  of  cotton  for  three   years  back.  The  government   the mill sector will deliberate   (NSSO) assessment in 2012-13,   35  per  cent  of  income  of   In  comparison,  in  2012-13,
          years in a row, industry sources   should  set  up  a  dedicated   on  fibre  quality,  volume  and   NABARD  Chairman  Harsh   agricultural  households  was   72  per  cent  of  agricultural
          foresee supply shortfall of the   department  and  review  the   other  issues  which  need  a   Kumar Bhanwala said here on   from  cultivation,  34  per  cent   households  borrowed  funds
          white  fibre  by  2025  if  efforts   focus.”  business protocol.      the  occasion  of  NABARD  All   from wage labour, 16 per cent   from  institutional  agencies,
          to  enhance  its  productivity   His  comment  came  just   MCX,  the  main  sponsor   India Rural Financial Inclusion   from  salaries  and  8  per  cent   including   microfinance
          is  not  strengthened  on  a  war   days before the fourth all India   of  the  conference  created   Survey 2016-17.  from  livestock.  In  the  case  of   institutions   and   self-help
          footing.               bi-yearly  cotton  conference.   awareness   amongst   the   For the first edition of the   non-agricultural  households   groups.
                                                                                                                                    About  26  per  cent  of
            Stressing  the  need  for   Organised  jointly  by  ICF  and   participants   on   futures’   survey, to be conducted every   54 per cent came from wages,   agricultural  households  and
          a  stronger  focus  on  cotton   the Indian Cotton Association   trading.   “The   federation   three years, data from as many   followed  by  salaries  (32  per   25 per cent of non-agricultural
                                                                                 as  40,327  rural  households,
                                                                                                         cent)  and  non-farm  sector
          research,   J   Thulasidharan,   Limited (ICAL), Bathinda, the   will  also  be  entering  into  an   with  a  total  population  of   activities (12 per cent).  households  reported  at  least
          President,   Indian   Cotton   two-day event focused on the   agreement  with  MCX  for   1,87,518  members,  at  245   Agricultural  households   one  type  of  insurance  cover.
          Federation  (ICF)  said,  “There   two major issues – volume and   cotton trading,” said Nataraj.  districts in 29 States was used,   earned  23  per  cent  more   The  coverage  of  pension  for
                                                                                                         than  that  of  non-agricultural   agricultural  households  was
                                                                                                         households,   it   reported.   20.1 per cent compared to 18.9
                                                                                                         Significantly, the income from   per  cent  for  non-agricultural
                                                                                                         agricultural  activities  came   households, the survey report
                                                                                                         down  substantially  from  48   said.

                                                                                                         ‘Income support is a

                                                                                                         better way to support
                                                                                                         farmers’


                                                                                                           Govt’s agri pricing policies putting export
                                                                                                           market out of reach, says Ashok Gulati

                                                                                                                                 prices of agri-commodities but
                                                                                                                                 the pricing policy adopted by
                                                                                                                                 the  government.  This  is  not
                                                                                                                                 sustainable, he said.
                                                                                                                                    “Many  a  time,  these
                                                                                                                                 crises  can  be  turned  into  an
                                                                                                                                 opportunity   for   change.”
                                                                                                                                 For  instance,  Gulati  said,  in
                                                                                                                                 Maharashtra,  about  4  per
                                                                                                                                 cent  of  the  cropped  area
                                                                                                                                 consumes  60  per  cent  of  the
                                                                                                                                 water used for irrigation. This
                                                                                                                                 is  because  of  water-guzzling
                                                                                                                                 crops  like  sugarcane.  The  fall
                                                                                                            olicymakers   are   using   in prices will force farmers to
                                                                                                         Pthe  wrong  instrument  to   move  away  from  crops  like
                                                                                                         support farmers and the right   sugarcane,  and  price  support
                                                                                                         one would be to use an income   mechanisms  such  as  FRP  are
                                                                                                         policy to keep them afloat, says   absent.
                                                                                                         noted  Agricultural  Economist   Among Indian States, only
                                                                                                         Ashok Gulati.           Telangana  has  implemented
                                                                                                            “When  prices  collapse,   an  income  support  policy
                                                                                                         if  you  want  to  help  farmers   for  farmers.  Since  this  kharif
                                                                                                         who have been affected, don’t   season,  the  State  government
                                                                                                         tweak the price policy; instead   in  Telangana  has  been  giving
                                                                                                         give  them  direct  income   Rs.  4,000  per  acre  as  income
                                                                                                         support.  That  way  you  don’t   support  to  72  lakh  farmers.
                                                                                                         mess  up  with  the  market,”   Similar  support  will  also  be
                                                                                                         Gulati,  who  is  Infosys  Chair   available  for  the  rabi  season,
                                                                                                         professor at the Indian Council   which   commences   next
                                                                                                         for  Research  on  International   month, taking the total annual
                                                                                                         Economic  Relations  (ICRIER),   support to farmers to Rs. 8,000
                                                                                                         said   while   addressing   a   per acre.
                                                                                                         gathering  of  sugar  industry   The   sugar   industry
                                                                                                         experts in Gurugram.    estimates that the total surplus
                                                                                                            Using  high  Fair  and   lying  with  it  by  March-April
                                                                                                         Remunerative   Price   (FRP)   next  year  would  be  around
                                                                                                         given  to  sugarcane  farmers   19  million  tonnes.  Saying
                                                                                                         as  an  example,  Gulati  said   that  the  industry  is  “sitting
                                                                                                         governments can help only to   on  dynamite”,  the  ICRIER
                                                                                                         some  extent  when  the  prices   economist  said  that  if  the
                                                                                                         are falling sharply.    situation  persists  many  mills
                                                                                                            Today,  it  is  not  demand   would end up in the National
                                                                                                         and  supply  determining  the   Company Law Tribunal.
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