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News                                                                                                      AgriTech indiA  June 2018       9

                                                         regulatIon of flowerIng In guava

                                                         – Dr. Sable P.  A. (Scientist, Horticulture, KVK, Khedbrahma, Sardarkrishinagar Dantiwada Agriculture University, Gujarat) and
                                                         Sonpure Sushma B. (Sr. Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Agronomy, MPKV, Rahuri, Maharashtra)

                                                         To obtain higher fruit yield   during August–September.   fruit set, spray of 200 ppm GA   3  and to promote fruiting in
                                                         during a winter season, the   Withholding of water to   can be done. Fruit takes about   winter is beneficial. Manual
                                                         Guava plants are to be treated as   Guava orchard at least two   150-160 days to mature from   deblossoming can be done
                                                         withholding of water for 45-60   months before flowering   fruit set.   in small scale, but on a
                                                         days in April and May. Resting   season is not possible because   Mirg bahar or winter crop   commercial scale chemical
                                                         period by which the natural   of the rain do occur during   yields fruit superior quality,   flower thinning is followed.
                                                         tendency of the tree is altered   this period. Due to this reason   so winter crop is generally   To reduce the rainy season
                                                         with artificial means.   Hastha bahar is very difficult.   desirable and preferred over   crop and increase the winter
                                                                                                         rainy season crop. To obtain   season crop two sprays with
                                                            Guava tree flowers   Winter season fruit     heavy flowering and fruiting   10-15 percents Urea in April-
                                                         throughout the year, but the   management       for winter crop certain crop   May at 15 days interval has
                                                         peak flowering is observed   Though, Guava flowers   regulation can be adopted. A   been reported. Among growth
                                                         in two season, in April-May   throughout the year, winter   general practice is to restrict   regulators NAA 50-100 ppm
                                                         and Aug- Sept. In Guava tree   is beneficial for Guava. To   watering of trees in April   have also been reported to
                                                         flowers are produced in leaf   obtain higher fruit yield   and May. This leads trees to   regulate flowering in Guava.
                                                         axils or in cyme. The period   during a particular period, the   a rest period during which   Sprays with 10% urea in
                                                         of flowering varies from 25-45   Guava plant is given a resting   accumulation of food materials  Allahabad Safed and 0.05%
                                                         days.                   period by which the natural   takes place in branches. At   potassium iodide in
                                                            Ambe Bahar: Ambe bahar   tendency of the tree is altered   Monsoon first shower, trees   Cultivar L-49 have been
                                                         is taken in the areas where,   with artificial means. It is   are manured followed by   reported for inducing heavy
                                                         enough water is available   done by withholding of water   irrigation. The trees thus   winter crop. For effective
                                                         during hot weather. In this   for about 60 days in advance   treated produce profuse   Guava crop regulation,
                                                         bahar, flowering can be   of the normal flowering. Also   flowering leading to enhanced   spraying of 500-600 ppm
                                                         induced in January- February.   use of chemicals is known   yield in winter season.   NAA at flowering stage have
                                                            Mrig Bahar: In Mrig   as bahar treatment or flower   Deblossoming: Avoiding   been used to regulate rainy
                                                         bahar, flowering can be   regulation. Flower Regulation   Guava fruiting in rainy season   season crop.
                                                         induced in June-July, this   is done by holding water
                                                         treatment is taken in the areas   and deblossoming.  Fruiting
                                                         where, water is limiting factor   allowed in rainy season
                                                         during the hot weather. This   which are generally having
                                                         bahar is generally followed in   insipid taste fruit and inferior
                                                         Guava.                  quality. In Guava, only 35-50
                                                            Hastha Bahar: In Hast   percent fruit are carried to
                                                         bahar, flowering can be   maturity though, initially
                                                         induced in August – October,   80-85 percents fruit sets. In
                                                         where the Guava orchard   seedless variety, it is as low
                                                         do not allow irrigation   as 5-6 percent. To improve

                                                         Women farmers want millets                                              benefits  and  contribution  to
                                                         under NREGA; seek MSP                                                   agricultural  call   upon   all
                                                                                                                                 institutions  to  work  on  the
                                                            he  Millet  Sisters,  a  group   ecology” instead of research on   on  Agricultural  Cost  and   economic  valuation  of  millet
                                                         Tof     women    farmers   genetically modified millets.  Prices  should  make  a  special   ecology in their academic and
                                                         and  NGOs,  have  called  for   The   Declaration   said   valuation of millets taking into   research  programmes,”  the
                                                         inclusion  of  millet  farming   the   National   Commission   consideration their nutritional   Declaration said.
                                                         under   NREGA   (National
                                                         Rural  Job  Guarantee  scheme)
                                                         for women employment.
                                                            Millets  should  also  cover
                                                         under MSP (Minimum Support
                                                         Price), they said.
                                                            The   All-India   Millet
                                                         Sisters  Network  was  formed
                                                         to  share  best  practices  and
                                                         discuss challenges in growing
                                                         the  nutrient-rich  traditional
                                                         crops.   The   first   annual
                                                         conference  Umiam  was  held
                                                         in  Meghalaya  for  two  days
                                                         recently.   After   discussing
                                                         issues  in  millet  farming  and
                                                         marketing,  they  came  out
                                                         with  the  Umiam  Declaration,
                                                         a  set  of  recommendations  to
                                                         promote millets.
                                                            Representatives   from
                                                         12  States,  including  Assam,
                                                         Karnataka,   Tamil   Nadu,
                                                         Nagaland,  Odisha,  Telangana
                                                         and Andhra Pradesh, attended
                                                         the conference.
                                                            “We  are  going  to  submit
                                                         the  recommendations  to  the
                                                         Government  and  all  other
                                                         stakeholders,”   Jayashri,
                                                         who   represented   Deccan
                                                         Development Society (DDS) at
                                                         the conference, said.
                                                            “The  government  should
                                                         help  in  establishment  of
                                                         women  collectives  to  set  up
                                                         affordable  millet  processing
                                                         units,   community   based
                                                         procurement   centres   that
                                                         can  be  easily  accessed  and
                                                         controlled by women farmers,”
                                                         she said.
                                                            Addressing   a   press
                                                         conference,  P  V  Sathees,
                                                         Director of DDS, said the Indian
                                                         Institute  of  Millet  Research
                                                         must  focus  on  the  “wealth  of
                                                         women’s knowledge on millet
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